Child With Abnormal Newborn Screen for Congenital Hypothyroidism

Differential diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism Failure of normal thyroid gland development (thyroid dysgenesis) Failure of thyroid gland hormonal production (thyroid dyshormonogenesis) TSH Deficiency (Central hypothyroidism) Iodine…

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Child With Suspected Hyperthyroidism

Differential diagnosis for hyperthyroidism Graves’ disease, Thyrotoxic phase of thyroiditis, Surreptitious ingestion of levothyroxine Rare causes in children: TSH- dependent hyperthyroidism including pituitary TSH-secreting tumors Resistance…

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Child With Suspected Acquired Hypothyroidism

Differential diagnosis for Acquired Hypothyroidism Autoimmune thyroiditis/Hashimoto’s thyroiditis/Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis Euthyroid Sick Syndrome/ Non-thyroidal Illness Subacute thyroiditis / Other thyroiditis Drug induced hypothyroidism: thioamides, amiodarone, excessive…

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Update on Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2: Focus on Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (J Endo Soc 2018)

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2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Adult Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (Thyroid 2016)

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Management Guidelines for Children with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (Thyroid 2015)

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Revised ATA Guidelines for the Management of Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (Thyroid 2015)

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Screening, Diagnosis and Management of Congenital Hypothyroidism: ESPE Consensus Guidelines (Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2015)

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Update of Newborn Screening and Therapy for Congenital Hypothyroidism (Pediatrics 2006)

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